West European Case Studies in Stratigraphy

Ed.: H. Bock; R. Muller; R. Swennen; Winfried Zimmerle

2000. V, 316 pages, 97 figures, 6 tables, 15x23cm, 600 g
Language: English

(Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie, Teil I, Jg. 1999 Heft 3/4)

ISBN 978-3-510-66019-3, paperback, price: 84.00 €

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Contents top ↑

Zum Geleit VII
Introduction IX
ZIMMERLE, W.: The "Mitteldeutsche Schwelle". Facts and Theories (with 7
figures) 163
WÜSTEFELD, H.: The Mid-German Crystalline Rise? - a landmass
consisting of more than just crystalline rocks (with 5 figures) 185
WREDE, V.: Zur Bedeutung der Aachener Steinkohlenlagerstätte für das
Verständnis der Variscischen Orogenfront in Mitteleuropa [The position
of the Aachen Coalfield in the Variscan Northern Margin in Central
Europe] (mit 6 Abbildungen) 199
RIPPON, J.H.: The WestphalianA to mid-C of Great Britain: new conceptual
modelling for hydrocarbon reservoir analogues (with 5 figures and 1
table) 217
STOLLHOFEN, H.: Sequence stratigraphy in continental settings - examples
from the Permo-Carboniferous Saar-Nahe Basin, SW-Germany (with 6
figures) 233
HOBERG, K., LORENZ, G. & RICKEN, W.: Proximate
Sedimentationsbedingungen im Buntsandstein - erste Beobachtungen zur
fluviatilen Architektur der Mechernicher-Trias [Proximal depositional
conditions of the Bunter Sandstone - first observations on the fluvial
architecture of the Mechernich Trias Basin] (mit 4 Abbildungen und 1
Tabelle) 261
DURAND, M., COUREL, L. & COUSTAU, R.: The Bussieres-les-Belmont
structure" (Haute-Marne, NE France). A Triassic paleo-inselberg (with
6 figures) 275
HAGDORN, H. & SIMON, T.: Placunopsis-Riffe im Oberen Muschelkalk der
Süd-Eifel (mit 10 Abbildungen) 293
REINHARDT, L. & RICKEN, W.: Climate cycles documented in a playa
system: comparison of geochemical signatures derived from subbasins
(Triassic, Middle Keuper, German Basin) (with 5 figures and 2 tables)
KNAPP, G.: Die Bohrung Bürvenich 1993 - ein Beitrag zur Stratigraphie
von Lias und Keuper am Eifelnordrand [The boring Bürvenich 1993 -
a contribution to the stratigraphy of the Liassic and the Keuper at the
northern side of the Eifel hills (Western Germany)] (mit 3 Abbildungen
und 1 Tabelle) 341
GUERIN-FRANIATTE, S., KNAPP, G. & MÜLLER, A.: L'Hettangien en bordure
nord du Massif de l'Eifel (Allemagne Occidentale). Relations avec le
Bassin parisien [Hettangian at the northern border of the Eifel hills
(Western Germany). Connections to the Paris Basin] (avec 3 figures)
HILGER, J.: Ölschiefer des Lias E (Unter-Toarcium) - Gleichzeitige
Nutzung als mineralischer Rohstoff und als Brennstoff bei Rohrbach
Zement/Dotternhausen [Oil shale of the Lower Toarcian - simultaneous
utilisation as mineral raw material and as fuel at Rohrbach Zement/
Dotternhausen] (mit 3 Abbildungen und 1 Tabelle) 371
LOREAU, J.-P. & DURLET, C.: Diagenetic stratigraphy of discontinuity
surfaces: an application to paleo-environments and sequence
stratigraphy (with 7 figures) 381
FABRICIUS (LIND), I.: Aspects of the chalk of the North Sea area (with 4
figures) 409
Sedimentary environments and depositional history in the Belgian Basin
during Ypresian times (Lower Eocene, Southern Bight North Sea) (with
10 figures) 419
KULIK, L.: Bergmannische Nutzung geologischer Daten in
Braunkohlentagebauen des Rheinlands [Mining-specific utilization of
geological data in opencast lignite mines of the Rhineland] (mit 9
Abbildungen) 441
SCHREINER, A.: Über die Entstehung des Bodenseebeckens
(SW-Deutschland) [On the origin of the basin of the Lake of Constance]
(SW-Germany) (mit 4 Abbildungen) 459

Introduction top ↑

The papers grouped in this volume of the "Zentralblatt" cover a wide range of topics addressing strata from pre-Cambrium to Recent age and occurring from Central Germany over Burgundy in France to Lake Constance. This volume is the result of the Perl-meeting in honour of the 60st birthday of ADOLPHE MULLER, who was at the same time the conference convertor. The papers are arranged from old towards younger deposits or strata.

A number of papers are addressing some of the Variscan structures and strata. ZIMMERLE in his paper brings together the main interpretations and theories about the origin of the "Mitteldeutsche Schwelle" also called by some authors the "Mid-German crystalline High or Rise". Despite that the structure consists of a heterogeneous mosaic of basement blocks mainly composed of plutonio and metamorphic rocks, WÜSTEFELD provides sedimentological and petrographical evidences that the Lower Devonian strata south of the marine Rhenohercynian Basin consists of terrigenous material of varied origin and transported northward into the basin. Based on these sedimentary characteristics the latter author argues that it would be more appropriate to use the term "Mid-German Landmass" in stead of "Mid-German Crystalline Rise". The structure of the Variscan front and its changing style in the Aachen coalfield district when compared with the Ruhrbasin is discussed by WREDE. This author provides arguments that the structure of the different parts of the Variscan front is determined by the pre-Variscan foreland characteristics. A number of published models on this subject are critically reviewed. RIPPON, in his paper, summarises data on the depositional controls and overall setting of the coal-bearing Westphalian strata of the U.K. He finally proposes, after having critically reviewed the necessary correlation precision and related data densities, an integrated model in which channel belt pathways and basin subsidence are placed in a post-rift mainly fresh water depositional setting. The latter author provides information useful for numerical modelling and hydrocarbon reservoir characterisation. STOLLHOFEN discusses the continental Permo-Carboniferous lithofacies distribution and sequence stratigraphic architecture of the Saar-Nahe-Basin in SW-Germany. The rapid lake deepening, which according to this author is mainly tectonically driven, is recorded in the asymmetrical cycles of relatively thin transgressive system tracts and the subsequent much thicker high-stand systems tracts. To develop such sequence stratigraphical models it is of importance to recognize flooding surfaces and unconformities. It is especially in the last research domain that the contribution of LOREAU and DURLET is situated. They are advocating that integration of diagenetic data into facies and sequence stratigraphical research in carbonates is of major importance. They apply their conceptual model of IDS (Inherent Diagenetic Sequence) to the Jurassic platform carbonates of Burgundy, where they differentiated 7 types of hardground IDS systems, which allowed to refine the sequence stratigraphical picture of the studied strata. HAGDORN and SIMON describe another particular sedimentary horizon, namely the presence of an Upper Muschelkalk Placunopsis-reef bed near Irrel. They provide information on building components and stratigraphical setting and explain the low diversity by the lagunar dolomite facies setting. From the borehole Bürvenich 1993 a detailed stratigraphical description covering the Keuper till Hettangium is given by KNAPP. Special attention is paid to the stratigraphical gap in the evaporitic Middle Keuper as well as subdivision of the marine Hettangian. The ammonite fauna from the borehole Bürvenich 1993 is described by Guerin-Franiatte et al. The two following contributions provide apart from sedimentological information also a wealth of applied geological data. HILGER discusses the use as mineral raw material and as fuel of the Lower Toarcian oil shale near Dotternhausen while FABRICIUS discusses relevant factors such as mode of deposition, Diagenesis, burial history, porosity development and induration which exert an effect on reservoir properties of North Sea Chalk. JACOBS et al. in their turn give a summary of the sedimentary architecture and seismic stratigraphical units of the Palaeogene intracratonic shallow-marine siliciclastic "Southern Bight" basin. They briefly address some of the peculiar features such as intraformattonal tectonic sediment deformation structures, the occurrence of siderite and organic-rich black clay layers before they develop a sedimentation model for the Lower Eocene taking into account sea-level changes on a ramp-type marginal setting. KULIK brings again a more applied contribution by discussing the mining-specific utilisation of geological data in opencast lignite mining operations illustrated by data from the Miocene mines of the Rhineland. Apart from permanent lignite quality determination and quality control based on geological data, attention is paid to the huge Bewatering planning and the geomechanical aspects of these operations. The last contribution is by SCHREINER who discusses the origin of the basin of lake Constance. Many arguments document the importance of major erosional activity of the Rhine river and glacier which relate to the deflection of the Alpenrhine to the Aare and the rift valley of the Rhine. However a structural Variscan control is present which became rejuvenated after the deposition of the Younger Cover Gravel of Mindel age.