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Syllabus of Plant Families - A. Engler's Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien Part 2/2: Photoautotrophic eukaryotic Algae - Rhodophyta

Ed.: Mitsunobu Kamiya; Sandra C. Lindstrom; Takeshi Nakayama; Akiko Yokoyama; Showe-Mei Lin; Michael D. Guiry; Carlos Frederico D. Gurgel; John M. Huisman; Taiju Kitayama; Masahiro Suzuki; Tae O. Cho; Wolfgang Frey

2017. XII, 171 pages, 38 figures, 17x25cm, 590 g
Language: English

ISBN 978-3-443-01094-2, bound, price: 79.90 €

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Keywords

red algaemorphologyphylogeneticsphycologyphylogenomicsdiversitymarine algae

Contents

Synopsis top ↑

Part 2/2 of Engler's Syllabus of Plant Families - Rhodophyta provides a thorough treatise of the world-wide morphological and molecular diversity of the division Rhodophyta. The Rhodophyta are a group of algae with a fascinating range of morphological and ecological diversity, distributed from tropical to temperate marine waters with a high diversity in the Southern Hemisphere.
The present volume is, as the formerly published volumes of the Syllabus, an updated synthesis of classical anatomical-morphological characters with modern molecular data, incorporating numerous new discoveries made during the last ten years, providing a comprehensive modern survey covering all families and genera of the Rhodophyta including detailed family descriptions.
Following the tradition of Engler, and incorporating the latest results from molecular phylogenetics and phylogenomics, the completely restructured and revised 13th edition provides an up-to-date evolutionary and systematic overview of the fungal and plant groups. It is a mandatory reference for students, experts and researchers from all fields of biological sciences, particularly botany, phycology and mycology.
Engler's Syllabus of Plant Families has since its first publication in 1887 aimed to provide both the researcher, and particularly the students with a concise survey of the plant kingdom as a whole, presenting all higher systematic units right down to families and genera of plants and fungi. In 1954, more than 60 years ago, the 12th edition of the well-known "Syllabus der Pflanzenfamilien" ("Syllabus of Plant Families"), set a standard.
Now, the completely restructured and revised 13th edition of Engler's Syllabus published in 5 parts and in English language for the first time also considers molecular data, which have only recently become available in order to provide an up-to-date evolutionary and systematic overview of the plant groups treated.
In our "molecular times" there is a vitally important and growing need to preserve the knowledge of the entire range of diversity and biology of organisms for coming generations, as there is a decline in "classical" morphological and taxonomical expertise, especially for less popular (showy) groups of organisms.
Accordingly, the 13th edition of Syllabus of Plant Families synthesizes both modern data and classical expertise, serving to educate future experts who will maintain our knowledge of the full range of Earth's biodiversity.
Syllabus of Plant Families is a mandatory reference for students, experts and researchers from all fields of biological sciences, particularly botany and mycology.

Book Review: Acta Botanica Hungarica 59(3–4), 2017 top ↑

Adolf Engler’s Syllabus of plant families has been published since 1887 with the aim to provide a concise survey of plants and fungi, presenting all higher systematic units down to families and genera. The 13th edition is published in five parts and contains not just morphological information but also considers up-to-date molecular data. This volume is Part 2/2 providing a basic treatise of the worldwide morphological and molecular diversity of the Rhodophyta, i.e. red algae.
The Rhodophyta belongs to the kingdom Plantae, which involves the chlorophytes and the land plants among others. This lineage evolved via the endosymbiotic association between a heterotrophic eukaryote host cell and a cyanobacterial endosymbiont. Having some unique features regarding their cell structure, intercellular connections and life history the red algae form a monophyletic lineage within Plantae.
The majority of the red algae are marine, distributed from the upper intertidal to deep sublittoral zones. Their diversity is high in the pantropical regions and relatively low in the polar seas. About 200 of the total of more than 7,000 species live in freshwater habitats mainly in small to midsized streams. Some species inhabit brackish regions. The ecological preferences of red algal taxa are various, some species can tolerate extreme environmental conditions, like low pH or high temperature.
The organisation of red algae varies from unicells to thalli with different morphology. These algae show diverse life forms including epilithic, epiphytic and planktonic taxa. Some of them are obligate epiphytes occurring on specific hosts, e.g. macroalgae. Over 80 species live as endophytes within the tissues of other seaweeds. More than 100 species have been described as parasites occurring exclusively on red algal hosts. There are also epi- and endozoic taxa living with sponges, bryozoans, sertularians, crustaceans, foraminifera or even sloth as hosts.
At the beginning of this book a general characterisation of cell structure, motility, life history, ecology, taxonomy and phylogeny of red algae is given. In the main part of the volume the forty currently existing orders with 106 families of seven classes in two subdivisions are described following the system provided in the chapter “Synopsis of their classification”. The characterisation of the classes gives information on the organisation, cell structure (including chloroplast and mitochondrion ultrastructure, photosynthetic pigments, association between Golgi and endoplasmic reticulum, storage polysaccharide, low molecular weight carbohydrate), motility, life history, life form, distribution, ecology and phylogeny of the algae ranked into the class. The orders are mostly characterised by short descriptions of the families involved. These delineations touch the organisation, chloroplast ultrastructure, low molecular weight carbohydrate and the habitat. The most important genera and species along with their main morphological features are also listed in the characterisations of the orders.
The book is illustrated with colourful photographs and light micrographs on various taxa helping the understanding of the descriptions.
Overall, this volume provides valuable information about an interesting group of algae based on up-to-date knowledge. It can be recommended to both students and researchers interested in these organisms.

M. Duleba

Acta Botanica Hungarica 59(3–4), pp. 459–460, 2017

Table of Contents top ↑

Abbreviations XI
1 Introduction 1
2 Rhodophyta 2
Characterization and systematic relationships 2
3 Synopsis of classification of the Rhodophyta 14
4 Systematic arrangement of the taxa of the Rhodophyta 19
4.1 Cyanidiophytina 19
Cyanidiophyceae 19
Cyanidiales 20
4.2 Rhodophytina 21
Porphyridiophyceae 21
Porphyridiales 22
Stylonematophyceae 23
Rufusiales 24
Stylonematales 24
Compsopogonophyceae 26
Compsopogonales 26
Erythropeltidales 27
Rhodochaetales 27
Rhodellophyceae 28
Dixoniellales 29
Glaucosphaerales 29
Rhodellales 29
Bangiophyceae 31
Bangiales 32
Florideophyceae 33
Hildenbrandiophycidae 35
Hildenbrandiales 35
Nemaliophycidae 36
Acrochaetiales 36
Balbianiales 37
Balliales 38
Batrachospermales 38
Colanematales 41
Entwisleiales 41
Nemaliales 42
Palmariales 48
Rhodachlyales 51
Thoreales 51
Corallinophycidae 52
Corallinales 53
Hapalidiales 55
Rhodogorgonales 56
Sporolithales 56
Corallinophycidae ord. inc. sed 57
Ahnfeltiophycidae 57
Ahnfeltiales 57
Pihiellales 58
Rhodymeniophycidae 58
Acrosymphytales 58
Bonnemaisoniales 59
Ceramiales 60
Ceramiales ord. inc. sed 86
Gelidiales 86
Gigartinales 89
Gracilariales 130
Halymeniales 132
Nemastomatales 136
Peyssonneliales 138
Plocamiales 139
Rhodymeniales 141
Rhodymeniales fam. inc. sed 144
Sebdeniales 144
5 Appendix 159
Sympodothamnion 159
Bangiales 159
Acrosymphytales 160
Gigartinales 160
Catenellopsidales 160
Acknowledgements 162
Sources of Illustrations 163
Index to Taxa 164